types of tenancy

Types of Tenancy Explained | Find Your Fit

Welcome to our guide on the types of tenancy agreements. If you’re a tenant or a landlord, understanding the different types of tenancy is crucial for a smooth and positive rental experience. Whether you’re entering into a rental agreement or looking to become a landlord, knowledge of these tenancy types will help you navigate the rental market with confidence. In this article, we will explain the various types of tenancy agreements, including assured shorthold tenancies, assured tenancies, regulated tenancies, excluded tenancies, and occupier with basic protection. Let’s dive in and find the right fit for your needs!

Types of Tenancy

Assured Shorthold Tenancy (AST)

An assured shorthold tenancy (AST) is the most common type of tenancy agreement in the UK. It offers both landlords and tenants a clear framework for renting a property.

ASTs are usually fixed-term tenancies that last for six to twelve months. However, they can also be periodic tenancies, which continue on a month-to-month basis after the fixed term ends. The specific tenancy duration is agreed upon by both parties at the beginning of the agreement.

The eviction process for an AST is regulated by the Housing Act 1988. If a landlord wishes to evict a tenant, they must give them a notice and follow the appropriate legal procedures.

As part of an AST, landlords have certain responsibilities. They must ensure that the property is maintained and kept in good condition throughout the tenancy. This includes addressing repairs, ensuring the property is safe and habitable, and complying with health and safety regulations.

On the other hand, tenants have rights that protect their interests during the tenancy. These rights include the right to live in the property without disturbance, the right to a safe and hygienic living environment, and the right to know the identity of their landlord.

To summarize, an Assured Shorthold Tenancy (AST) is a popular and flexible tenancy agreement that provides security for both landlords and tenants. It ensures that both parties understand their rights and responsibilities, creating a more transparent rental process.

Assured Shorthold Tenancy (AST)

Assured Tenancy

An assured tenancy is usually granted by housing associations and offers tenants long-term occupancy rights. With an assured tenancy, tenants have more security as they can continue to live in the property for the entire agreed period, as long as they fulfill their obligations and pay rent. Landlords cannot automatically evict tenants at the end of the term and must provide evidence of breach of tenancy terms to gain a possession order. Both tenants and landlords have rights and responsibilities outlined by law.

Assured tenancies are particularly beneficial for those looking for stability and long-term housing solutions. With the assurance of long-term occupancy, tenants can enjoy the benefits of a stable home, nurturing a sense of belonging and community. Housing associations play a significant role in providing affordable and reliable housing options, ensuring tenant security and promoting sustainable neighborhoods.

Tenants with assured tenancy agreements have the peace of mind that they won’t be forced to move out after a short period, providing them with a secure environment to build their lives and plan for the future. At the same time, landlords have the responsibility to maintain the property and ensure that tenants have a habitable and safe living space.

Should any disputes arise between tenants and landlords, both parties can refer to the rights and responsibilities outlined by law. This guarantees a fair and just process that protects the interests of tenants while ensuring that landlords can efficiently manage their properties. The eviction process for assured tenancies follows the specified legal procedures, offering clarity and transparency to both parties involved.

Overall, assured tenancies provide a valuable opportunity for tenants to establish a secure and long-term home, fostering a sense of stability and belonging. Housing associations play a crucial role in offering such tenancies, prioritizing tenant security and well-being. Landlords, in turn, are required to fulfill their responsibilities to maintain the property and ensure a safe and comfortable living environment for their tenants.

Regulated Tenancy

In the world of tenancy agreements, regulated tenancies held significant importance prior to January 15, 1989, and are still governed by the Rent Act 1977. These tenancies offer tenants a host of benefits, including protection against unfair eviction and the right to a fair rent determined by rent officers.

One of the notable advantages of regulated tenancies is the strong eviction protection they provide. Landlords are not able to use a Section 21 notice—an eviction method commonly used in other tenancy agreements—to remove tenants from the property. This ensures security and stability for tenants who may wish to remain in the property for an extended period of time.

In addition to eviction protection, regulated tenancies can also be inherited by family members or partners living in the property at the time of the tenant’s death. This provides peace of mind and continuity for loved ones, ensuring the continuity of their tenancy rights.

tenant protection

Chart: Regulated Tenancy vs. Other Tenancy Types

Aspect Regulated Tenancy Assured Shorthold Tenancy Assured Tenancy Excluded Tenancy
Eviction Protection Strong Subject to eviction process Subject to eviction process Limited
Fair Rent Determination Yes, by rent officers No No No
Section 21 Notice Applicable No Yes Yes Yes
Right to Inherit Tenancy Yes No No No

Excluded Tenancy

An excluded tenancy occurs when an occupier shares part of a property with their landlord, such as living as a lodger or sharing specific areas like the kitchen and bathroom. In this type of tenancy, tenants have limited protection and fewer rights against eviction compared to other tenancy agreements.

Excluded tenancies typically offer fewer tenant protections due to the nature of the shared accommodation arrangement. As a lodger or occupier in a shared property, you may not have the same level of security as tenants in other types of tenancies. It’s essential to understand the rights and legal standing associated with an excluded tenancy to ensure you’re aware of your rights and responsibilities.

Unlike other forms of tenancy, deposits paid by excluded tenants may not be protected under deposit protection rules. It’s crucial to discuss deposit arrangements with your landlord and clarify any concerns or questions you may have regarding the protection of your deposit.

In the event of an eviction, excluded tenants may have a more streamlined eviction process compared to other types of tenancies. However, it’s important to note that the specific eviction process can vary depending on the circumstances of the tenancy and the terms outlined in the agreement.

Key Points:

  • An excluded tenancy involves sharing part of a property with a landlord.
  • Lodgers and occupants of shared accommodation often have excluded tenancy agreements.
  • Excluded tenancies offer limited tenant protection and fewer eviction rights.
  • Deposits paid by excluded tenants may not be protected under deposit protection rules.
  • The eviction process for excluded tenancies may be different from other tenancy types.

Tenancy Rights Comparison:

Tenancy Type Tenant Protection Eviction Process
Assured Shorthold Tenancy (AST) Comprehensive Tenant Protection Follows the eviction process outlined in the Housing Act 1988
Assured Tenancy More Security for Tenants Requires evidence of breach of tenancy terms for eviction
Regulated Tenancy Strong Protection Against Eviction Section 21 notice cannot be used to remove tenants
Excluded Tenancy Limited Tenant Protection Specific eviction process can vary

Understanding the different types of tenancy agreements is crucial when considering your options for renting or sharing accommodation. Each type of tenancy comes with its own set of rights and responsibilities. By familiarizing yourself with the specifics of an excluded tenancy, you can make informed decisions and navigate the rental process effectively.

excluded tenancy

Occupier with Basic Protection

An occupier with basic protection refers to someone who shares a building with their landlord while having exclusive occupation of their own accommodation. In this type of tenancy, the occupier does not share other areas, except for stairs or storage facilities. The purpose of this arrangement is to provide a level of privacy and separate living spaces within a shared accommodation setting.

As an occupier with basic protection, you have certain tenant obligations that you must fulfill. For instance, you are responsible for keeping your accommodation in good order and notifying your landlord promptly of any issues or repairs required. By fulfilling these obligations, you contribute to maintaining a well-maintained and harmonious living environment.

On the other hand, landlords have specific responsibilities for maintenance and repairs in shared accommodation with occupiers having basic protection. These responsibilities include ensuring that common areas like stairs and storage facilities are safe and well-maintained for tenants’ use.

Tenant Obligations:

As an occupier with basic protection, here are your tenant obligations:

  • Keep your own accommodation in good order.
  • Notify your landlord promptly of any repairs required.
  • Respect the rights of other tenants.
  • Comply with any rules or regulations set by the landlord.

Landlord Responsibilities:

As a landlord of shared accommodation with occupiers having basic protection, here are your responsibilities:

  • Maintain common areas, such as stairs and storage facilities, in safe and good condition.
  • Address any repairs and maintenance issues promptly.
  • Ensure the safety and security of the property.
  • Provide necessary amenities and facilities for the occupants.
Tenant Obligations Landlord Responsibilities
Keep accommodation in good order Maintain common areas
Notify landlord of repairs Address repairs promptly
Respect rights of other tenants Ensure safety and security
Comply with landlord’s rules Provide necessary amenities

Joint Tenancy Agreements

When renting as a couple or a group, joint tenancy agreements are a common option. These agreements come in two forms: a joint tenancy agreement in which the group as a whole is responsible for the property and collective rent payments, and individual contracts where each tenant has their own agreement with the landlord. Opting for individual contracts can provide protection to other tenants in the event that one person leaves or fails to pay rent on time.

Types of Joint Tenancy Agreements:

1. Joint tenancy agreement:

  • Group is jointly responsible for the property
  • Collective rent payments

2. Individual contracts:

  • Each tenant has their own agreement with the landlord
  • Protects other tenants from liability
  • Leaving the property or rent defaults do not impact other tenants

Having a clear understanding of joint tenancy agreements is important for both tenants and landlords. It ensures that all parties involved are aware of their respective responsibilities and rights. By choosing the right type of joint tenancy agreement, tenants can have peace of mind while sharing a property with others.


Understanding the different types of tenancy agreements is crucial for both tenants and landlords. Whether you’re considering an assured shorthold tenancy, an assured tenancy, a regulated tenancy, an excluded tenancy, or an occupier with basic protection, knowing your rights and responsibilities is essential for a positive renting experience.

Tenants should familiarize themselves with their rights, such as the right to live in a safe environment and the right to peaceful enjoyment of their home. If any issues arise, open communication with the landlord is key to resolving them effectively. On the other hand, landlords must fulfill their responsibilities to provide well-maintained properties and address any concerns promptly.

By finding the right fit in terms of tenancy agreement, both tenants and landlords can ensure a successful rental relationship. So, whether you’re searching for a new home or a landlord looking for responsible tenants, taking the time to understand the different types of tenancy agreements will help you navigate the rental market with confidence.


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